Meteoroids, when small pieces of asteroids break off
An asteroid is a small rocky object that orbits the Sun, mostly between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. Sometimes one asteroid can smash into another. This can cause small pieces of the asteroid to break off. Those pieces are called meteoroids.
Asteroids are smaller than a planet, but they are larger than the pebble-sized meteoroids. Its sizes range from 1 meter to about 1000 km. They are also called minor planets.
Meteor, when pieces burn up in the atmosphere
Origin of dust debris particles in space
Many meteoroids come from comets: these objects are often called “dirty snowballs” because they contain a lot of ice that sublimates when they come close to the Sun.
This drives a gas flux into the adjacent vacuum while drag forces from the expanding gas are exerted on embedded dust and debris particles, expelling them into interplanetary space. Meteoroid streams, consisting of large particles ejected at low speeds and confined to move approximately in the orbit of the parent body, are one result.
On the other hand, meteoroids can also originate from asteroids. The Geminid meteoroid stream and asteroid 3200 Phaethon are probably the best-known examples.